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What Education is Needed for Cyber Security Specialists?

Staff @InterCoast

Staff @InterCoast

Editorial Team

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Demand for cyber security specialists is on the rise. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the number of available jobs will increase by over 30 percent by 2029. Industry experts believe that there are over a million cyber security jobs available worldwide.

If you want to know more about getting an education in cyber security, this article is for you! Check out this handy guide about how to start a career in cyber security. That next best job might be waiting around the corner for you after completing your education and earning the appropriate certificates. Let’s explore more.

What Does Cyber Security Mean?

Cyber security protects a company’s online systems from any outside cyber risks. This includes protecting all desktop units or mobile devices that the company’s team uses.

Data breaches are also a component of cyber security. Hackers will try to access any customers’ personal information.

This personal information might include addresses or credit information. Advanced cyber threats will delete a business’s banking records and other historic files.

Cyber attacks sometimes target specific employees, company owners, or types of clients. Sometimes these attacks will demand payment.

Common Cyber Threats

There are new cyberattacks released on the internet every day. These attacks all have related characteristics that help them execute their dirty deeds. Some of the more common threats seen today include:


“Malware” is short for the term “malicious software.” Malware refers to all types of software designed to damage a single network or computer.

Hackers install malware by accessing a system remotely. They’ll also install it manually and if they have direct access to your systems.


A virus is a piece of computer code. It attaches itself to another legitimate application code. These tiny fragments then become infused with other computer applications.

Once they’re attached to these applications, they’ll spread and reproduce. When you run the application, it dispenses the virus.


Ransomware will attack, infect, and restrict your access to other network systems. Access isn’t released until you pay a “ransom” or fee.

After the attack occurs, victims receive directions on how to pay off the ransom. Then they’ll get decryption codes that help unlock their system.

Ransomware attacks can have a crippling effect. For example, the latest 2021 REvil ransomware attack infected over 1,000 organizations worldwide. This attack spread ransomware through commonly-used cloud-service providers.

Cyber Security Responsibilities

A cybersecurity expert works with organizations to secure their digital information systems. They decide which organizational members should have clearance to see confidential information.

Cybersecurity professionals detect web threats that can corrupt confidential information. These protective measures can save businesses billions in lost data.

Cybersecurity experts can recommend a new firewall or software installation. These measures will prevent data loss. They can also program solutions to sidestep data loss from system networks.

Cyber Security Professions

You’ll find different cyber security careers at various job levels. Each position has its specialized training and skills. Most importantly, you will need to complete the program and certification examinations from the appropriate organization to work in most jobs. You will also likely require a high-security clearance. The tasks in Cybersecurity are very important to the organization that hires you; they want to be sure they have individuals who are very skilled and trustworthy.

Education In Cyber Security

Most cybersecurity career professionals have a bachelor’s degree in computer engineering. Some might also have a degree in a similar field like computer science. Other positions, like penetration testers, meet their job qualifications with an associate degree or even by completing a certificate program.  But, they must take and pass a certification examination from an outside vendor in penetration testing.

Cybersecurity leadership roles (i.e., CISO) need a Master’s in Business Administration degree (MBA.) This degree program provides two more years of management and other IT-related classwork. MBA students also study business as well as leadership principles

Cyber Security Skills

Cybersecurity professionals should know about coding and programming. They should be familiar with coding languages such as Java, Ruby, or Python. They should also be at ease working with operating systems and system architectures.

Certifications For Cyber Security Specialists

There are many certifications that cybersecurity professionals use to show their expertise. Certifications are also an excellent opportunity to learn new skills. They can help you show that you’re current on up-and-coming threats.

Some of the certifications you will have to learn can be found in the curriculum outline (link to the curriculum sheet from the catalog). The more certifications you earn, the better your opportunity to obtain entry-level employment.

What’s Your Next Step?

Cybersecurity specialists are our defenders against cybercrimes. They’re responsible for keeping our computer systems as safe as they can be. If you’re ready to take on this challenge, you can start today!

Your first step should be to look for classes in programming and coding. Lock in your skills with Python, Java, and Ruby to build your foundation. Then you can explore the many certifications available that meet your specific interests.

Don’t forget to check out our blog for more helpful information. We’re here to help you find the career that’s right for you.



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